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Borobudur Temple - Indonesia : World Cultural Heritage

| August 29, 2023 WIB | 0 Views Last Updated 2023-08-29T13:15:50Z - Borobudur Temple is a Buddhist temple located on Jl. Badrawati No. 9 Kw. Borobudur Temple, Borobudur, Borobudur District, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. This temple is located approximately 100 km southwest of Semarang, 86 km west of Surakarta and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta.

Quoted from several sources, Borobudur comes from the Sanskrit word 'Buddhist Vihara uhr' which means Buddhist Monastery on the Hill. Borobudur Temple was built by the Sailendra dynasty between 780 – 840 AD. This relic was built as a place of worship of Buddha and a place of pilgrimage. This place contains instructions for humans to distance themselves from worldly desires and towards enlightenment and wisdom according to Buddha. These relics were discovered by British troops in 1814 under the leadership of Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles, the temple area was completely cleared in 1835.

Borobudur Temple was built in the Mandala style, which consists of millions of stone blocks made into three structures that depict the levels of the universe according to Buddhist philosophy, namely Kamadhatu, Rupadhatu and the highest, Arupadhatu. This colossal building is also decorated by 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues with a meditative attitude and six different hand positions along the temple.

Borobudur Temple has an area of ​​around 2,500 square meters with a length of 121.66 meters, a width of 121.38 meters and a height of 35.40 meters. The porch in this section has a circle-shaped stupa with holes, an inverted bell, containing a Buddha statue leading to the outside of the temple. In total there are 72 stupas, the largest stupa in the middle which has a height of 42 meters above the ground with a diameter of 9.9 meters.

UNESCO designated this great masterpiece as a World Heritage Site in 1991 together with Pawon Temple and Mendut Temple. This magnificent and beautiful temple has been known by local and foreign tourists as the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Every year, the Borobudur temple complex becomes the center of Vesak celebrations and is visited by Buddhists from various countries during the full moon in May (Purnama Siddhi), which culminates in the celebration by releasing hundreds of lanterns into the sky along with the best wishes for the year ahead. 

(Editor : Ninik Qurotul Aini)
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